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【拔尖创新交叉学科论坛】蔡华俭——中国人的文化心理变迁及其启示:以文化松紧性和理想情绪为例

作者:时间:2022-12-12点击数:


演讲者简介

  蔡华俭,2002年毕业于华东师范大学心理学系,获得博士学位。2003-2005年在西雅图华盛顿大学跟随Anthony Greenwald教授进行博士后研究;2010年加盟心理所。曾任Asian Journal of Social Psychology副主编(2014-2017)、中科院行为科学重点实验室副主任、中科院心理所北京双生子研究中心副主任、《心理科学》编委。目前为中科院心理所研究员、博士生导师、人格与社会心理研究中心主任、中国心理学会理事、社会心理学专业委员会主任、《心理学报》副主编,《心理科学进展》、国家自然科学基金评审专家、国家社科基金重大项目首席科学家等。研究领域主要涉及自我积极性(自尊、自恋)、文化心理学、内隐社会认知、基因行为学、社会认知神经科学等。迄今已在中外期刊上发表130多篇学术论文。2016201720182019连续四年入选爱思唯尔中国十大高被引心理学家榜。


演讲主题:Why does nature enhance psychological well-being? A Self-Determination account.

Abstract This research proposes a novel account for the established benefits of nature on psychological well-being from the perspective of Self-Determination Theory. That is, nature enhances psychological well-being by satisfying the basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness. Compared with non-nature control settings, two field experiments consistently showed that participants who were exposed to nature scenes manifested higher levels of positive affect, life satisfaction and meaning in life; and satisfaction of the three psychological needs mediated these nature effects. Three laboratory studies replicated these findings by exposing participants to digital nature scenes (vs. non-nature ones) or indoor plants (vs. control setting without indoor plants) or engaging them in nature-related activities (vs. non-nature related ones), with the exception of a non-significant effect of nature on satisfaction of relatedness. Taken together, these studies provided convergent evidence for our proposition, shedding light on the mechanisms underlying the benefits of nature on psychological well-being.